Video Lecture – Intro to International Relations – Part I
Video Lecture – Intro to International Relations – Part II
Lecture 1 Powerpoint – Introduction to the course and Chapter 1
Lecture 1 Notes – Introduction to International Relations and Key Concepts
Reflection 1 – Intro to IR and Concepts
For this forum, answer the 2 Mandatory “EVERYONE DO/DISCUSS” type questions and 2 additional questions.
GENERAL RULES AND GUIDELINES FOR DISCUSSIONS
1) You have read and understand ALL the QUESTIONS and the ANSWERS to the questions posed on the
Reading Reflections because YOU WILL GET THEM on the exam
2) READ the directions for EACH REFLECTION; you will be asked to answer certain questions and or be given choices.
3) In your answers, REFERENCE THE TEXT page numbers of our class sources
(Lec Notes, Goldstein, Waltz, BBC). DO NOT GIVE YOUR OPINION unless requested… show you have read all the class notes and texts and CITE THEM; Always cite your sources; for example, (Goldestein 26) or (Lecture foreign policy Slide 3)
4) Always seek to use definitions, concepts and theories from OUR course material; you do not get credit for merely giving your opinion; in fact your opinion is taken into consideration ONLY when requested
5) If you are using information from the text or powerpoints, put these in YOUR OWN WORDS (but still cite your source); Do not merely type out text verbatim AND NEVER copy and paste; you should PARAPHRASE the texts…. Otherwise you are plagiarizing and only moving text around and not really learning
** Both QUANTITY and QUALITY are taken into consideration when evaluating your work on these reflections.
For this Reflection answer the 2 Mandatory “EVERYONE DO/DISCUSS” type questions (#13 and #14) and 2 additional questions. You must write the question number AND the entire question/prompt before you answer the question/prompt.
- How can IR as a field of study be divided?
- How do history and political science differ?
- What is a simple definition of theory?
- Describe an example of a theory from this chapter [NOT conservative, liberal or revolutionary]. [multiple answers]
- Describe one of the three main theoretical perspectives/approaches in IR. [3 possible answers]
- What is the individual level of analysis? What does it focus on? Provide an example.
- What is the domestic level of analysis? What does it focus on? Provide an example.
- What is the interstate level of analysis? What does it focus on? Provide an example.
- What is the global or systemic level of analysis? What does it focus on? Provide an example.
- What is a collective or public good? What distinguishes a public good from a private one?
- What are collective action problems? Provide an example of a “current” collective action problem in the international arena.
- What is the significance of geography in the study of IR? Explain.
- EVERYONE DO– find a BBC story that focuses on an international issue RELEVANT TO IR and uses ONE of the levels of analysis we have studied. Explain what level is being used in the article. What other level might help explain the situation better?
- EVERYONE DO– go to the BBC and find one example for EACH and every one (include all non-state actor types) of the different “ actors” in the international system that we discussed in lecture. Make sure you identify the type of actor and provide a URL link to the story AND a short description of the actor and why you believe that the article is a good illustration for that type of actor.
Module 2 – Power Politics (Realism)
Video Lecture – Realism – Part I
Video Lecture – Realism – Part II
Lecture 2 Notes – Power Politics
Lecture 2 Powerpoint – Realism
Do the EVERYONE DO question (# 18) and TWO additional questions for a TOTAL of 3 questions. You must write the question number AND the entire question/prompt before you answer the question/prompt.
- What led to the emergence of the two main theories in IR (liberalism and realism)?
- What are the main assumptions of realism?
- Identify two of the thinkers that have contributed to realism and describe their contribution. [multiple answers].
- What is the most common definition of power? What are its flaws?
- Define power in terms of influence.
- Define power in terms of capability.
- How can one estimate power? What are the difficulties in estimating power?
- What are some tangible and intangible sources of power?
- What source of power does Goldstein argue is the single most important one? Why does he say this? Using evidence from the real world reject his position.
- Define anarchy? What aspects of the international system support the view that the system is anarchic?
- Define sovereignty? In what ways are states still sovereign? In what ways has sovereignty been weakened?
- What is a security dilemma?
- What is balance of power? How has it been used as a central concept in realist thinking?
- What are great powers and what are middle powers?
- What are power distributions? List the different power distributions.
- Historically when has there been a hegemony as far as power distribution goes?
- What are alliances? What purposes do they serve and provide TWO examples.
- EVERYONE DO [choose A or B]
Go to the BBC and find an international event that is about a current conflict and identify the power capabilities used by each side of the conflict. Explain the effectiveness of these capabilities. You may do this on your own or with another student (each focusing on one side/actor involved). Provide the URL.
B. How would you describe the current power distribution? Why do you describe it as such? Discuss this with another classmate, preferably, one that disagrees with you. Also state under what circumstances you believe the power distribution might change and how. Provide some evidence by way of a URL or article link that supports your view.
Module 3 – Alternatives to Power Politics (Realism)
Lecture 3 Notes – Liberal and Social Alternatives to Realism
Both chapters combined here– Liberal alternatives to Realism AND Social theories such as feminism and constructivism
Cuban missile crisis media segments and a URL for learning about how foreign policy making unfolds.
iMPORTANT; MUST WATCH Film segments of “At the Brink” at the URL below.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_detailpage&v=kPfRSna7_PM [there are 4 parts]
Feminism Reading: Khattak
Feminism Reading: Faludi – Guardian Myths
Do the EVERYONE DO question and THREE additional questions for a total of FOUR questions in this section. Then READ one of the following articles (see below): Khattak, Faludi or Sontag and address the questions as instructed. (Thus you will have 4 + 1 = 5 entries MINIMUM for this section total). You must write the question number AND the entire question/prompt before you answer the question/prompt.
1. What realist assumptions are criticized by various alternative theories covered in this section?
- How does liberalism weaken realism’s assumptions? Each entry should focus on one assumption. First outline the realist assumption, then explain how liberalism modifies it… [multiple answers]
- Using Kant as your reference from our reading in the text, provide ONE reason/argument why cooperation is the trend and conflict less recurring in the world. [each student who does this should only do one, Kant has three; multiple answers]
- How does neoliberalism differ from liberalism in IR?
- Define reciprocity and EXPLAIN how it promotes cooperation.
- How can reciprocity result in more conflict? Explain.
- Define international regimes. How do they facilitate cooperation?
- What are dilemmas of common interest? Provide an example.
- What are dilemmas of common aversion? Provide an example.
- Compare and contrast mutual vs. relative gains.
- What is democratic peace theory? What evidence is there for this theory and what counterarguments can be made? [Two students]
- Describe each feminist theory. [Three students]
- What is postmodernism? How does it weaken realist assumptions?
- What is constructivism? How does it weaken realist assumptions?
- What is Lenin’s theory of IR and how does it attack realist theory?
- EVERYONE DO [A or B]
A. Go to the BBC and find an article that discusses, references or illustrates an instance of “reciprocity” OR an “international regime. Explain why you believe it illustrates either concept and provide the URL.
- Go to the BBC and find an article that discusses, references or illustrates any one of the KEY concepts specific to this section, such as, feminist theory, democratic peace theory, HST, international organizations, and or any other relevant term.
Module 4 – Conflict and Military Strategy
Lecture 4 Powerpoint – International Conflict and Military Strategy Combined
Do the 2 EVERYONE DO questions and 3 additional questions. You must write the question number AND the entire question/prompt before you answer the question/prompt.
1) Using the recent war in Iraq or Afghanistan, make statement about the cause of war at the individual level of analysis.
2) Using the recent war in Iraq or Afghanistan, make statement about the cause of war at the domestic level of analysis.
3) Using the recent war in Iraq or Afghanistan, make statement about the cause of war at the interstate level of analysis.
4) Using the recent war in Iraq or Afghanistan, make a statement about the cause of war at the global level of analysis.
5) Reflect upon the multiple levels of analysis and exlain which level of analysis you find most useful in explaining either the war in Iraq or Afghanistan and why, and which you find least useful in explaining the war and why.
6) What are WMDs and what are their main function?
7) What is the difference between fission and fusion? When there is discussion of nuclear weapons, which kind are they usually talking about?
8) What does first-strike mean? Second-strike? MAD?
9) What is the NPT? What are its goals and what countries have NOT signed it?
10) Which countries are declared nuclear powers? Which are not?
11) In general, describe the difference between tangible and intangible interests in the context of conflict.
12) Of the different types of war that are discussed in this section, which do you think is most common today? Why? Explain and give at least TWO examples from the BBC to justify your response.
13) EVERYONE DO — Seven types of conflict under the two categories of conflict over tangible and intangible interests are listed in our text. Discuss ONE fully and find an example of it among the articles in the BBC. How does that example illustrate the concept?
14) What are some definitions of terrorism? Why is it hard to define?
15) What is asymmetrical warfare?
16) What is state sponsored terrorism? What is problematic about the book’s definition?
17) EVERYONE DISCUSS Nuclear proliferation – If more states had nuclear weapons would the world be more or less peaceful? Why and or why not? Use evidence from the text and or other sources and also react to your colleagues.
Module 5 – International Organizations (EU/UN) and Law
Lecture 5 Notes – International Organizations and Law
Lecture 5 Powerpoint – International Organizations and Law
Do the EVERYONE DO question and TWO additional questions for a TOTAL of THREE questions. You must write the question number AND the entire question/prompt before you answer the question/prompt.
1) Discuss the difference in realist/neorealist theory vs. liberal/neoliberaltheory regarding the prospect of cooperation among states? How do these two differ in their explanation of cooperation or lack thereof?
2) What are international regimes? What functions do they perform? And how might they lead to cooperation among states?
3) What are international organizations? What functions do they perform? And how might they lead cooperation among states?
4) How do international regimes and organizations differ? Provide examples of international organizations and international regimes? What do are the issue areas that each focus on?
5) International law has developed over time. What is just war doctrine? When is a war just?
6) What are the sources of international law? Provide an example of an international law from each source type.
7) Compare and contrast domestic and international law in terms of sources and enforcement. How do they differ?
8) What is the World Court or International Court of Justice? What types of disputes does it hear? Who are the litigants in these cases?
9) What is the International Criminal Court? What types of disputes does it hear? Who are the litigants in these cases?
10) What is the main function of the United Nations? How did this function originate?
11) What role does the General Assembly play? What are its powers? Look at the recent GA session. What were the main issues on the agenda?
12) What is the Security Council and what functions does it have? What are its permanent members?
13) Explain the function of United Nations peacekeeping forces, distinguish between peacekeeping and peacemaking, and describe two recent missions.
14) Identify several IGOs other than the UN or UN-related agencies that you think are important. Why did you choose these IGOs?
15) What are some current debates regarding the structure of the Security Council and the veto?
16) EVERYONE DO – GO to ONE of the respective websites of the following IGOs and EXPLORE its contents
United Nations http://www.un.org/en/
European Union http://europa.eu/index_en.htm
International Court of Justice [World Court] http://www.icj-cij.org/homepage/index.php?lang=en
International Criminal Court http://www.icc-cpi.int/Menus/ICC?lan=en-GB
OAS (Organization of American States) http://www.oas.org/main/english/
AU (African Union) http://www.africa-union.org/root/au/index/index.htm
OIC (Organization of Islamic Conference) http://www.oic-oci.org/home.asp
ASEAN (Association of Southeast Asian Nations) http://asean.org/
WTO (World Trade Organization) http://www.wto.org/
FIND a SIGNIFICANT ISSUE that confronts the institution you chose to explore and DESCRIBE the issue and EXPLAIN the difficulties the institution faces in addressing that issue USING LANGUAGE from our course and especially this section of the course. (do not focus on a mundane administrative issue). What is one of their success stories where they have been able to promote cooperation for example or accomplish their objectives?
READ one of the following articles (see below): Khattak, Faludi or Sontag and address the questions as instructed.
After reading KHATTAK’s, SONTAG’s, or FALUDI’s feminist critique under “ > COURSE MODULES > LECTURE 3 POWERPOINT – ALTERNATIVE TO REALISM AND FEMINIST READINGS under Alternatives to Realism” address TWO of the following questions in a solid paragraph demonstrating you have read the article and understand realism and its liberal and feminist critiques. For each question explain the “Why?” or “how?” and reference the article. Include the question in your thread heading.
You must IDENTIFY the author for which you are responding as well as write the question number AND the entire question/prompt before you answer the question/prompt.
1) What elements of the author’s argument differ from a realist perspective?
2) What utility is there in knowing about this perspective? What value is there in reading the piece?
3) What are some of the author’s main assumptions? Who is her audience?
4) What unit of analysis is the author using and to what end?
5) What is the author’s main thesis? What supporting evidence does she provide?
6) Are the author’s arguments persuasive? Why or why not?
7) Is the author a difference /standpoint feminist, liberal feminist or post-modern feminist? Why?
8) How does the author emphasize the importance of gender?
9) How does the author expose the “masculine” nature of realism? Explain.
10) From what perspective: conservative, liberal or radical, is the author coming from? Explain.